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Hedging your bets – why hedge funds should be part of your portfolio

The experience of one major fund management company suggests private investors are following the lead of institutions and incorporating the use of hedging funds

Saturday, September 1st 2001, 8:00PM

Tower Managed Funds says that investors are increasingly incorporating hedging funds into their investment portfolios in an effort to smooth out returns in a difficult investment climate. Up to 5 - 10% of some investors' overall investments are now in these funds as familiarity with them moves them into mainstream investment decisions.

Maximise return - minimise risk
The primary objective of a hedging fund is to maximise return and minimise risk - achieving capital growth irrespective of the conditions in the share and/or bond markets, while controlling all risk factors as much as possible. Successful hedging funds - sometimes referred to as trading funds - are offered by experienced fund managers who utilise their knowledge, experience and understanding of markets and economics to pursue opportunities in buying and selling bonds, currencies, commodities, shares, options and futures markets.

The objective for a hedge fund manager is to generate absolute returns independent of the conditions in the financial markets. Fund managers typically allocate a portion of funds to cash (or equivalent assets) before investing the remainder using financial instruments such as forward contracts, swap contracts, options and futures to take long or short positions in particular markets.

A good hedging strategy will potentially provide the investor with safe leverage and healthy returns, widening a portfolio's investment opportunities while helping to increase returns.

The ability of hedging funds to diversify portfolio risk further enables them to stand out as a valid additional asset class. Statistical measurements, used to compare volatility (risk) of different asset classes, show that hedging funds can have relatively lower risk than shares.

Performance in different market conditions
These three graphs clearly illustrate the performance of hedging funds - in this case, a trading fund - in three different market environments. In both favourable markets (such as the bull market of 1993) and less favourable times (such as during the sideways performance of 1992 and the 1987 market correction), the growing attraction of including these types of funds in portfolios becomes clear.
 

Planning an effective investment portfolio is all about maximising return - not only by investing in assets that have the potential to do well, but also by "covering the bases" to ensure that if one sector does not perform well, then the negativity is eliminated by better returns elsewhere. This is the fundamental reasoning behind having hedge funds as part of a balanced investment portfolio.

There is little doubt that the rewards and reduced volatility offered by hedge funds can be significant.

Summary: Advantages of Hedge Funds in a Balanced Portfolio

  • The performance of hedge funds compares well with other asset classes over the longer term.
  • Hedge funds have a low performance correlation to all other asset classes, particularly during market downturns.
  • Hedge funds have shown low variability of returns compared to returns from equity funds. A combination of hedge and equity funds diversified on an international basis can provide a more efficient investment portfolio.

 

« Demystifying Hedge FundsHow do hedge funds work? »

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Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
AIA - Back My Build 6.19 - - -
AIA - Go Home Loans 8.74 7.45 7.05 6.85
ANZ 8.64 7.99 7.49 7.35
ANZ Blueprint to Build 7.39 - - -
ANZ Good Energy - - - 1.00
ANZ Special - 7.39 6.89 6.75
ASB Bank 8.64 7.39 6.89 6.65
ASB Better Homes Top Up - - - 1.00
Avanti Finance 9.15 - - -
Basecorp Finance 9.60 - - -
Bluestone 9.24 - - -
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
BNZ - Classic - ▼7.29 ▼6.85 ▼6.65
BNZ - Green Home Loan top-ups - - - 1.00
BNZ - Mortgage One 8.69 - - -
BNZ - Rapid Repay 8.69 - - -
BNZ - Std, FlyBuys 8.69 ▼7.89 ▼7.45 ▼7.25
BNZ - TotalMoney 8.69 - - -
CFML Loans 9.45 - - -
China Construction Bank - 7.09 6.75 6.49
China Construction Bank Special - - - -
Co-operative Bank - First Home Special - 7.15 - -
Co-operative Bank - Owner Occ 8.40 7.35 6.89 6.75
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
Co-operative Bank - Standard 8.40 7.85 7.39 7.25
Credit Union Auckland 7.70 - - -
First Credit Union Special - 7.45 7.35 -
First Credit Union Standard 8.50 7.99 7.85 -
Heartland Bank - Online 7.99 6.69 6.45 6.19
Heartland Bank - Reverse Mortgage - - - -
Heretaunga Building Society 8.90 7.60 7.40 -
HSBC Premier 8.59 - - -
HSBC Premier LVR > 80% - - - -
HSBC Special - - - -
ICBC 7.85 7.05 6.85 6.59
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
Kainga Ora 8.64 7.79 7.59 7.29
Kainga Ora - First Home Buyer Special - - - -
Kiwibank 8.50 8.35 7.89 7.65
Kiwibank - Offset 8.50 - - -
Kiwibank Special - 7.35 6.89 6.75
Liberty 8.59 8.69 8.79 8.94
Nelson Building Society 9.00 7.90 7.39 -
Pepper Money Advantage 10.49 - - -
Pepper Money Easy 8.69 - - -
Pepper Money Essential 8.29 - - -
Resimac - LVR < 80% 8.84 8.30 7.89 7.69
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
Resimac - LVR < 90% 9.84 9.30 8.89 8.69
Resimac - Specialist Clear (Alt Doc) - - 8.99 -
Resimac - Specialist Clear (Full Doc) - - 9.49 -
SBS Bank 8.74 7.95 7.45 7.29
SBS Bank Special - 7.45 6.95 6.79
SBS Construction lending for FHB - - - -
SBS FirstHome Combo 6.19 7.05 - -
SBS FirstHome Combo - - - -
SBS Unwind reverse equity 9.95 - - -
Select Home Loans 9.24 - - -
TSB Bank 9.44 8.19 7.55 7.55
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
TSB Special 8.64 7.39 6.75 6.75
Unity 8.64 6.99 6.85 -
Unity First Home Buyer special - - 6.45 -
Wairarapa Building Society 8.60 7.15 6.85 -
Westpac 8.64 7.89 7.49 7.25
Westpac Choices Everyday 8.74 - - -
Westpac Offset 8.64 - - -
Westpac Special - 7.29 6.89 6.65
Median 8.64 7.45 7.37 6.77

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