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2018 – a year of uncertainty

If last year was a year of disruption, this year was one in which the movement towards change took off – and many investors were left floundering and uncertain.

Monday, December 31st 2018, 8:00AM

by Miriam Bell

In 2018, it wasn’t the housing market or the Reserve Bank that provided the volatility and unpredictable outlook.

While a two-speed, main centre vs the regions situation remained at play, the market trucked along through the year at a slow, steady pace. Price growth and sales activity are slowing, but the experts aren’t picking a crash or major correction.

In a similar vein, the Reserve Bank offered up only pleasant surprises: they kept the OCR on hold at the record low of 1.75%, made no further moves towards the introduction of debt-to-income ratios, and, once-again, eased the LVRs at the end of the year.

So rather than the usual suspects, it was the new Labour-led coalition government and its ambitious programme of reform aimed at addressing the housing crisis, which was pushing the wave of change.

One of the most significant areas of change for investors has come in the form of tax policy. The Government is on a mission to make the tax system fairer and, as part of this, it has targeted investors – who it appears to view as simply speculators.

Back in March, the bright-line test was extended from two years to five years. More recently (December) the Bill which will lead to the ring-fencing of rental losses was introduced in Parliament.

There appears to have been little impact, to date, from the extension of the bright-line test.

However, investor advocates believe that ring-fencing rental losses will have a significant, detrimental effect on investors, particularly smaller or newer investors. They also believe the change will negatively impact on the rental market.

REINZ chief executive Bindi Norwell says it could led to investors passing on the cost of the reduced benefits to tenants through higher rents. “Or it could make rental ownership a less appealing investment choice. This may lead to a reduction in rental properties, thereby increasing pressure on the rental market and driving up rental prices.”

Meanwhile, the Government’s Tax Working Group (TWG) has been hard at work this year. It is not due to release its final report until February 2019, but it did release its interim report back in September. Although it did not make a definite call on the introduction of a capital gains tax (CGT), it is widely expected the TWG’s final report will recommend a CGT.

Investor advocates are opposed to the introduction of a CGT. But not everyone is convinced that any such recommendation would bear fruit.

Well known property investor David Whitburn thinks NZ First, which has previously opposed a CGT, could well veto such a recommendation once the final report is released. Even if the recommendation is adopted, Labour will have to campaign on it in the next election and National have said they will repeal a CGT if one is introduced.

The other major area of looming change for investors is the Government’s crusade to make life better for tenants. This encompasses both its tenancy law reform proposals and its proposals for the Healthy Homes minimum standards.

Both sets of proposals have been controversial and investor advocates have called for balance in the reforms. NZ Property Investors Federation executive officer Andrew King says some of the tenancy law changes proposed could result in landlords having less control of their rental properties.

More recently, a report by Tailrisk Economics principal Ian Harrison found that claims made about the benefits of ensuring rental properties meet the Healthy Homes minimum standards were exaggerated. Harrison also says expectation should be that, at least in the medium term, rental costs will be passed on to tenants.

On top of these changes, the Government’s bans on foreign buyers and letting fees have both now come into effect, in October and December respectively.

It’s open for debate what sort of effect the foreign buyers ban will have, but landlords who use property managers are set to bear the costs of the letting fees ban. Many property management companies have said they are planning to pass them on from tenants to landlords.

One final area of uncertainty in 2018 which seems worth noting relates to meth contamination. In May, Sir Peter Gluckman’s released his bombshell report which said that third hand exposure to meth is not a health risk. It also recommended that a standard of 15 micrograms per 100cm2 (as opposed to the current 1.5 mcg standard) should be adopted.

Many people welcomed the report and both Housing NZ and the real estate agency adopted the new standard immediately. Then, in October, the Tenancy Tribunal announced it will accept 15 micrograms per 100cm2 as the minimum standard for meth contamination in rental properties.

But the official standard has yet to be changed and that means insurers are not changing their policies. As a result, many investors remain uncertain about how they should approach the spectre of meth in their rentals.

Read more:

Ring-fencing Bill hits Parliament 

No firm call on CCT 

Balance needed in tenancy reforms 

Fierce opposition to tenancy proposals 

Proposed Healthy Homes standards out 

Healthy Homes benefits overstated – economist 

Landlords to bear letting fees costs 

Tackling meth uncertainty 


Tags: healthy homes house prices housing market housing shortage landlords letting fees LVR price growth property investment property management property values RBNZ real estate REINZ Reserve Bank tax tax working group tenancy reform tenants

« Top 5 Tribunal tips for landlords2018 an “interesting” year - REINZ »

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Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
AIA - Back My Build 6.19 - - -
AIA - Go Home Loans 8.74 7.14 6.75 6.39
ANZ 8.64 7.74 7.39 7.25
ANZ Blueprint to Build 7.39 - - -
ANZ Good Energy - - - 1.00
ANZ Special - 7.14 6.79 6.65
ASB Bank 8.64 7.14 6.75 6.39
ASB Better Homes Top Up - - - 1.00
Avanti Finance 9.15 - - -
Basecorp Finance 9.60 - - -
Bluestone 9.24 - - -
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
BNZ - Classic - 7.14 6.79 6.65
BNZ - Green Home Loan top-ups - - - 1.00
BNZ - Mortgage One 8.69 - - -
BNZ - Rapid Repay 8.69 - - -
BNZ - Std, FlyBuys 8.69 7.74 7.39 7.25
BNZ - TotalMoney 8.69 - - -
CFML Loans 9.45 - - -
China Construction Bank - 7.09 6.75 6.49
China Construction Bank Special - - - -
Co-operative Bank - First Home Special - 6.79 - -
Co-operative Bank - Owner Occ 8.40 6.99 6.79 6.65
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
Co-operative Bank - Standard 8.40 7.49 7.29 7.15
Credit Union Auckland 7.70 - - -
First Credit Union Special - 7.45 7.35 -
First Credit Union Standard 8.50 7.99 7.85 -
Heartland Bank - Online 7.99 6.89 6.55 6.35
Heartland Bank - Reverse Mortgage - - - -
Heretaunga Building Society 8.90 7.60 7.40 -
HSBC Premier 8.59 - - -
HSBC Premier LVR > 80% - - - -
HSBC Special - - - -
ICBC 7.85 7.05 6.69 6.59
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
Kainga Ora 8.64 7.74 7.35 6.99
Kainga Ora - First Home Buyer Special - - - -
Kiwibank 8.50 7.99 7.79 7.55
Kiwibank - Offset 8.50 - - -
Kiwibank Special - 6.99 6.79 6.65
Liberty 8.59 8.69 8.79 8.94
Nelson Building Society 9.00 7.65 7.25 -
Pepper Money Advantage 10.49 - - -
Pepper Money Easy 8.69 - - -
Pepper Money Essential 8.29 - - -
SBS Bank 8.74 7.74 7.09 6.95
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
SBS Bank Special - 7.14 6.49 6.35
SBS Construction lending for FHB - - - -
SBS FirstHome Combo 6.19 6.14 - -
SBS FirstHome Combo - - - -
SBS Unwind reverse equity 9.95 - - -
Select Home Loans 9.24 - - -
TSB Bank 9.44 7.79 7.55 7.45
TSB Special 8.64 6.99 6.75 6.65
Unity 8.64 6.99 6.79 -
Unity First Home Buyer special - 6.55 6.45 -
Wairarapa Building Society 8.60 6.95 6.85 -
Lender Flt 1yr 2yr 3yr
Westpac 8.64 ▼7.49 7.35 6.99
Westpac Choices Everyday 8.74 - - -
Westpac Offset 8.64 - - -
Westpac Special - ▼6.89 6.75 6.39
Median 8.64 7.14 6.82 6.65

Last updated: 15 July 2024 11:47am

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